The legal acquisition and accession of objects into your collections is a sign of a healthy and active institution. But what are the proper methods of acquiring objects and what kind of documentation do you need in order to prove legal title? As your institution continues to collect objects, the issue of legally removing and disposing of objects may also arise. In this module, you will learn how museums, archives/special collections, and institutions with living collections handle this foundational part of a collections policy.
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Mysteries of the Museum
Help your institution determine whether or not objects are relevant in collections.
During the webinar presentation, the proper methods of acquiring and disposing of objects were discussed. Institutions acquire objects through many different methods. Some of the most common include donations, purchases, bequests, or exchanges. In some cases, institutions also acquire objects through active field collection or repository agreements.
- What methodologies does your institution use to acquire new objects?
- Are all of the methods you use to acquire objects discussed in your collections management/development policy?
- If not, what clarifications should you add?
Proper and ethical disposal of items from your collection can occur in different ways. The most common methods include transfer to an appropriate organization, exchange, repatriation, return to donor, and in some cases, public sale. In the museum field, and for some archival institutions, all deaccessions should be governed by a deaccession policy and process formally approved by the governing authority.
- Does your institution have a formal policy regarding disposal?
- If so, which methods do you use?
- If not, which methods do you think would be most applicable to your institution and why?
- Why do you need, or not need, to include deaccession and disposal in your policy?
Utilizing the game spinner have each participant take a turn at the spinner. Read the question or topic to the group and discuss among the group. Use examples from your policy or institution.
- Boynton Beach City Library Archives - Acquisition (.pdf)
- Boynton Beach City Library Archives - De-Selection (.pdf)
- Museum of Science & History of Jacksonville (MOSH) - Living Collections Management Acquisitions & Accessions and Deaccessions & Disposal (.pdf)
- Museum of Science & History of Jacksonville (MOSH) - Non-Living Collections Management Acquisitions & Accessions and Deaccessions & Disposal (.pdf)
- Stranahan House - Acquisitions & Accessions (.pdf)
- Stranahan House - Deaccessions & Disposal (.pdf)
- Tallahassee Museum - Non-Living Collections Acquisitions & Accessions (.pdf)
- Tallahassee Museum - Non-Living Collections Deaccessions & Disposal (.pdf)
- Tallahssee Museum - Living Collections Acquisitions & Accessions and Deaccessions & Disposal (.pdf)
Note: When viewing the samples a new browser page will open.
Texas State Library and Archives Commission, CREW: A Weeding Manual for Modern Libraries
National Park Service (NPS), Museum Handbook, Part 2a: Museum Records, Chapter 2: Accessioning
National Park Service (NPS), Museum Handbook, Part 2a: Museum Records, Chapter 6: Deaccessioning
University of Alaska Museum of the North, Acquisitions & Accessioning Policy
Society of American Archivists, A Guide to Deeds of Gift
Society of American Archivists, Guidelines for Reappraisal and Deaccessioning
- Annual Conference
- Peer Coaching Program
- Mentorship Program
- Professional Resources
Florida Connecting to Collections Program
Collections Development & Management Policies
- Guiding Documents: Policies vs. Plans
- Scope of Collections/Categories of Collections
- Acquisitions & Accessions / Deaccessions & Disposals
- Access and Use
- Collections Care and Maintenance
- Inventory & Audits
- Intellectual Property
- Educating Elected Officials
- Training and Practical Applications
- Risk Management and Insurance
- Putting Your Document Together
- 2013 Collections Mgmt & Development Policies
- Emergency Plans
- Collections Development & Management Policies